#103010 | AsPredicted

'The Moral Foreign Language Effect: Influence of Language Experience'
(AsPredicted #103010)


Created:       07/21/2022 09:00 AM (PT)

This is an anonymized version of the pre-registration.  It was created by the author(s) to use during peer-review.
A non-anonymized version (containing author names) should be made available by the authors when the work it supports is made public.

1) Have any data been collected for this study already?
It's complicated. We have already collected some data but explain in Question 8 why readers may consider this a valid pre-registration nevertheless.

2) What's the main question being asked or hypothesis being tested in this study?
This study will explore whether differences in language proficiency, immersion, or dominance impact on the moral foreign language effect.

3) Describe the key dependent variable(s) specifying how they will be measured.
Participants will indicate whether they would perform an action described in 6 moral dilemmas and 1 filler dilemma (binary; yes/no). Additionally, on separate 7-point Likert scales, participants will rate the permissibility of the action in the dilemma (1-This action should never be done, 7-It is necessary for this action to be done), whether they felt upset after reading the dilemma (1-Strongly Disagree, 7-Strongly Agree), and whether they understood the content of the dilemma (1- Not at all, 7-Very well)

4) How many and which conditions will participants be assigned to?
One between-subjects variable: Native language (Mandarin) and foreign language (English) conditions
One within-subjects variable: Personal or impersonal dilemma

Participants will be assigned to one of the language conditions, but will respond to both personal and impersonal dilemmas.

5) Specify exactly which analyses you will conduct to examine the main question/hypothesis.
Between group analyses:
-Separate logistic regression models with response (yes/no) as the dependent variable and language context (native vs. foreign) and dilemma type (personal and impersonal) as predictors will be run for each dilemma.
-Separate ordinal logistic regression models with Likert-scale ratings for permissibility and distress as the dependent variable and language context (native vs. foreign) and dilemma type (personal and impersonal) as predictors will be run for each dilemma.

Within group analysis (foreign language condition only)
-Separate logistic regression models with response (yes/no) as the dependent variable and foreign language proficiency, immersion, and dominance as predictors. All predictors will be centered before analysis.
-Separate ordinal logistic regression models with Likert-scale ratings for permissibility and distress as the dependent variable and foreign language proficiency, immersion, and dominance as predictors. All predictors will be centered before analysis.

6) Describe exactly how outliers will be defined and handled, and your precise rule(s) for excluding observations.
Participants reporting anything other than Mandarin as a native language will be automatically rejected before data collection
Participants with comprehension scores below 4 for any dilemma will be excluded before analysis

7) How many observations will be collected or what will determine sample size?
No need to justify decision, but be precise about exactly how the number will be determined.

200 participants based on previous research and results from g*Power.

8) Anything else you would like to pre-register?
(e.g., secondary analyses, variables collected for exploratory purposes, unusual analyses planned?)

We are in the middle of data collection using an online experiment builder. At the present time, no data have been viewed or downloaded because we have not reached our recruitment target yet. For this reason, we believe our pre-registration is valid.