#118571 | AsPredicted

'US Everyday behavior H1 & H2'
(AsPredicted #118571)

Created:       01/12/2023 08:12 AM (PT)

This is an anonymized version of the pre-registration.  It was created by the author(s) to use during peer-review.
A non-anonymized version (containing author names) should be made available by the authors when the work it supports is made public.

1) Have any data been collected for this study already?
No, no data have been collected for this study yet.

2) What's the main question being asked or hypothesis being tested in this study?
Hypothesis 1: "Behavioral variation in overall appropriateness is in part explained by behavioral differences in the potential to produce externalities (as measured by the degrees to which a behavior is loud, aggressive, and takes up space) and internalities (as measured by the degrees to which a behavior is pleasurable)."

Hypothesis 2: "The differences between current levels of overall appropriateness of everyday behaviors and the levels measured a half-century ago are correlated with the behaviors' potential to produce externalities and internalities."

3) Describe the key dependent variable(s) specifying how they will be measured.
We study 37 behaviors in 15 situations. To avoid fatigue, we only ask participants to rate each of 10 behaviors (selected at random from the 37) on its possession of each of the four characteristics (e.g., "How loud is it to eat?") on a five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree, somewhat disagree, neither agree nor disagree, somewhat agree, strongly agree), coded from 1 to 5. Further, we only ask participants to rate the appropriateness of each of the 10 behaviors in each of 5 situations (selected at random from the 15); e.g., "How appropriate is it for someone to eat on the bus?". Following Price and Bouffard (1974), ratings are given on a ten-point scale from 0 to 9 where 0 = The behavior is extremely inappropriate in this situation and 9 = The behavior is extremely appropriate in this situation.

4) How many and which conditions will participants be assigned to?
No conditions.

5) Specify exactly which analyses you will conduct to examine the main question/hypothesis.
For each behavior, we calculate its overall-appropriateness rating as the average of all ratings of the behavior across all 15 situations. We also calculate the behavior's average possession rating for each characteristic. Using the 37 behaviors as the units of analysis, we first calculate the raw correlations between overall-appropriateness ratings and possession ratings in order to ascertain that all signs are as expected: negative correlations with the negative externalities "loud", "aggressive", and "takes up space", and a positive correlation with the positive internality "pleasurable".
We average the four possession ratings (after reverse-coding the ratings for negative externalities) to obtain a single externalities-internalities index for each behavior. We accept Hypothesis 1 if a linear regression of overall appropriateness on the externalities-internalities index yields a significant positive effect at p < 0.05. However, as this analysis does not tell us whether externalities and internalities have independent effects, we supplement it with a linear regression in which externalities and internalities are entered separately.
The overall-appropriateness levels fifty years ago are obtained from the study of Price and Bouffard (1974). Data from both points in time are therefore only available for 14 behaviors. This gives us very limited power to confirm this hypothesis, but it is the best we can do. To accept Hypothesis 2, we require that linear regression of the difference scores on the externalities-internalities index yields a significant positive effect at p < 0.05.

6) Describe exactly how outliers will be defined and handled, and your precise rule(s) for excluding observations.
No exclusions.

7) How many observations will be collected or what will determine sample size?
No need to justify decision, but be precise about exactly how the number will be determined.

400 participants.

8) Anything else you would like to pre-register?
(e.g., secondary analyses, variables collected for exploratory purposes, unusual analyses planned?)


This pre-registration is part of a bundle of similar and/or related pre-registrations sharing at least one author. When a pre-registration in a bundle is shared with reviewers or made public, all of them are. Links to all other pre-registrations in the bundle are listed below:

#118575 - https://aspredicted.org/P2V_L4Y - Title: 'US Everyday norms H3 H4'