#32458 | AsPredicted

'Manipulating team performance to test causality 12/7/2019'
(AsPredicted #32458)

Created:       12/07/2019 05:02 PM (PT)

This is an anonymized version of the pre-registration.  It was created by the author(s) to use during peer-review.
A non-anonymized version (containing author names) should be made available by the authors when the work it supports is made public.

1) Have any data been collected for this study already?
No, no data have been collected for this study yet.

2) What's the main question being asked or hypothesis being tested in this study?
Hypothesis 1: An increase in group performance leads to an increase in average workgroup member status.

Hypothesis 2: The relationship between group performance and status conferral is mediated by perceived solidarity with the group.

3) Describe the key dependent variable(s) specifying how they will be measured.
The major DV is status. We will measure overall status, prestige-based status, and dominance-based status. We will focus on overall status but also measure the other two types of status for exploratory purpose.

The average scores of three team members will be used in analysis.

One item for each measure is listed below as examples.

1. Overall perceived status (adapted from Flynn & Brockner, 2003; see also Anderson, John, Keltner, & Kring, 2001) (1-5 scale)
-How well respected was team member 1?

2. Perceived Prestige-Based Status (Cheng, Tracy, & Henrich, 2010) (1-7 scale)
-I respect and admire team member 1.

Perceived Dominance-Based Status (Cheng, Tracy, & Henrich, 2010) (1-7 scale)
-Team member 1 enjoys having control over other members of the group.

Repeat the same measures for team member 2.

4) How many and which conditions will participants be assigned to?
Participants will be randomly assigned into one of the two conditions: high/low team performance.

5) Specify exactly which analyses you will conduct to examine the main question/hypothesis.
1. We will analyze the differences in average status conferrals between the high vs. low team performance conditions to test hypothesis 1.

2. We will analyze if the effect of team performance on status conferrals may differ depending on the specific kind of status we measure (i.e., prestige-based status and dominance-based status).

3. We'll test if the relationship between team performance and average status conferrals is mediated by perceived solidarity with the group.

4. We will test the correlations between team performance and perceived physical attractiveness to show that the effect of team performance on average team member status is not just an overall positivity effect. We predict that team performance has no effect on physical attractiveness of one's teammates.

5. As a conservative test of the hypotheses, we will analyze the effect of team performance on status conferrals after controlling for perceived liking.

6) Describe exactly how outliers will be defined and handled, and your precise rule(s) for excluding observations.
1. We'll first administer a pre-survey to recruit qualified participants. Only people who pass the bot checks and English comprehension checks will be recruited to participate in the pre-survey.

2. In the pre-survey, we'll show participants rules for the team task and use one attention check question. Only participants who give correct answers to questions regarding the team task rules and pass the attention check will be invited to take the study survey.

3. People who fail the attention checks in the study survey will be excluded from analysis.

7) How many observations will be collected or what will determine sample size?
No need to justify decision, but be precise about exactly how the number will be determined.

We plan to have at least N = 150 participants per cell for final analysis. We'll administer a pre-survey to first recruit N = 800 people in total to account for both response rate and those who fail the attention checks/don't properly understand the team task rules. Then we'll send invitations to qualified participants to take the study survey. The actual number of participants will depend on response rate and the percentage of people who pass team task rule comprehension checks and attention checks.

8) Anything else you would like to pre-register?
(e.g., secondary analyses, variables collected for exploratory purposes, unusual analyses planned?)

We will measure liking and perceived physical attractiveness of team members.

In the pre-survey, we'll measure participants' work values and expertise in different business domains. These are meant to be criteria by which teammates are assigned to participants.

We'll use 10 questions about managing organizational change as materials for team task.