#56801 | AsPredicted

'JLS 2'
(AsPredicted #56801)

Created:       01/27/2021 06:44 AM (PT)

This is an anonymized version of the pre-registration.  It was created by the author(s) to use during peer-review.
A non-anonymized version (containing author names) should be made available by the authors when the work it supports is made public.

1) Have any data been collected for this study already?
No, no data have been collected for this study yet.

2) What's the main question being asked or hypothesis being tested in this study?
Our main research question is: Can we construct and validate a scale which measures minority group member prejudice (i.e., prejudiced attitudes held by minority group members)? To this end, we will adapt a measure of anti-White bias (i.e., the Johnson-Lecci scale or JLS; Johnson, J.D., & Lecci, L., 2005, PSPB) which has been developed to probe prejudiced attitudes towards White American majority members by African American minority group members, to the European context.
Thus, our main goals are twofold: (1) initial validation of the scale in a European minority group sample, and (2) assess its criterion validity, by investigating its relationship with some theoretically related constructs.

3) Describe the key dependent variable(s) specifying how they will be measured.
Our main dependent variable will be the newly created "European" version of the JLS, measuring anti-White bias in European minority groups. In a previous study, we have shown that out of the original 20 items (see Johnson & Lecci, 2005), 14 items showed acceptable model fit (3 items were removed because they did not fit the European context - i.e., "have referred to Whites as “crackers"", "have referred to a White person as a “honkey”" and "have called a White “redneck""; another three items were removed because of poor model fit, i.e., "I believe that the success of a White person is due to their color", "I consider myself to be racist toward Whites" and "I have blamed Whites for my problems or for the problems of other Blacks") and scalar invariance compared to its American JLS counterpart.
Thus, in the current study, we will administer these 14 items, together with another additional 18 candidate items (see our open science page for an overview: https://osf.io/gafyk/?view_only=3b87c8e129584ea9add2bd202343c5b2), and we will select the items which provide the best model fit (in terms of replication of the original factor structure and fit indices).

4) How many and which conditions will participants be assigned to?
All participants will see and fill in all questionnaires included.

5) Specify exactly which analyses you will conduct to examine the main question/hypothesis.
1) Part 1. Scale construction
=> exploratory factor analysis to determine factor structure
=> a series of confirmatory factor analyses:
* in each step, only those items that clearly load on a single factor will be retained (i.e., with an appropriate loading of greater than .40 and/or a loading twice as strong on the appropriate factor than on any other factor).

2) Part 2. Correlational analyses
=> Correlations will be inspected with theoretically related constructs:
1) Multidimensional inventory of black identity (Sellers et al., 1997; JPSP) n = 18 items
2) Intergroup friends (n = 6)
3) Group relative deprivation (Pettigrew & Meertens, 1995, EJSP) (1)
“Would you say that over the last five years people like yourself in [France] have been economically a lot better off, better off, the same, worse off, or a lot worse off than most [North Africans] living here?”
4) Perceived outgroup variability (Swart, 2015) (2)
5) Intergroup contact (7)
6) social distance
7) Subtle racism (8)
8) Blatant racism (8)
9) Perceived discrimination (9)
10) Procedural fairness (4)
11) essentialist entativity (Roets & VH, 2011) (6)

Political ideology
Gender, age, ethnic background
Country of origin
Country of residence

6) Describe exactly how outliers will be defined and handled, and your precise rule(s) for excluding observations.
Participants will be excluded if:
(1) they do not fit one of the following criteria:
* fluent in English
* originate from Sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean
* currently residing in the European Union.
(2) they correctly guessed the study’s hypothesis
(3) because their answer to the hypothesis question did not make any sense (e.g., “Yes” or “Estimate”)

7) How many observations will be collected or what will determine sample size?
No need to justify decision, but be precise about exactly how the number will be determined.

Given that a sample size of 300 participants is a minimum requirement for initial scale validation (Clarke & Watson, 1995; Comrey & Lee, 2013) and considering some dropout, we will oversample and recruit an initial 350 participants.

8) Anything else you would like to pre-register?
(e.g., secondary analyses, variables collected for exploratory purposes, unusual analyses planned?)