#107485 | AsPredicted

'Socialization, conformity, and intelligence in development in WEIRD countries'
(AsPredicted #107485)

Created:       09/20/2022 04:05 PM (PT)

This is an anonymized version of the pre-registration.  It was created by the author(s) to use during peer-review.
A non-anonymized version (containing author names) should be made available by the authors when the work it supports is made public.

1) Have any data been collected for this study already?
It's complicated. We have already collected some data but explain in Question 8 why readers may consider this a valid pre-registration nevertheless.

2) What's the main question being asked or hypothesis being tested in this study?
1. We hypothesize that we will replicate findings previously found in the U.S. US adults who value individualism more will be less likely to endorse high conformity behavior in children as intelligent compared to good behavior, that US adults who value interdependent relationships more will be more likely to endorse high conformity as intelligent compared to good behaviour, and that US adults who value assertive socialization will be less likely to endorse conformity across traits. We do not expect to find an effect of valuing obedient socialization on endorsing conformity across traits.
2. We want to explore if these same patterns hold broadly in each of 4 other WEIRD, English-speaking populations (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom). Within each culture, do we find similar effects of valuing individualism, interdependence, assertiveness, and obedience on endorsements for conformity associated with intelligence and good behavior
3. We want to explore whether endorsing conformity as intelligence or good behavior will vary by country.
4. We want to explore whether the prevalence of different types of socialization goals will vary by country.

3) Describe the key dependent variable(s) specifying how they will be measured.
The key DV is the endorsement of high conformity behavior as intelligent or well-behaved. After watching an adult demonstrating a necklace making task, participants will watch two more videos of a high conformity child and a low conformity child. Participants were asked to choose one of the children as intelligent or well-behaved and why they made their selection.

4) How many and which conditions will participants be assigned to?
Participants were randomly assigned to evaluate both male and female children. However, this is orthogonal to our hypotheses and the main questions being asked here.

5) Specify exactly which analyses you will conduct to examine the main question/hypothesis.
Our hypothesis-driven test will be a mixed-effects binary logistic regression with country, trait, individualistic socialization goals, interdependent socialization goals, assertive socialization goals, obedient socialization goals as predictors and likelihood of endorsing high conformity as the outcome.

6) Describe exactly how outliers will be defined and handled, and your precise rule(s) for excluding observations.
If participants did not pass attention check questions, their data will be excluded.

7) How many observations will be collected or what will determine sample size?
No need to justify decision, but be precise about exactly how the number will be determined.

Data were previously collected from 1,295 participants.

8) Anything else you would like to pre-register?
(e.g., secondary analyses, variables collected for exploratory purposes, unusual analyses planned?)

We are pre-registering secondary analyses of our hypotheses. The original dataset was collected to answer different research questions pre-registered here (https://osf.io/uz3q4).
For our research question, we will use only data from participants that watched videos of female actors to match previous designs.